Hydrolysis of halogenoalkanes


This reaction is suitable for the preparation of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols. All halogenoalkane when heated under reflux with aqueous potassium hydroxide solution are hydrolysed to yield an alcohol


    RX + KOH     ROH +     X



    Where X= I , Br , Cl     and R= alkyl group


The ease of reaction of the halogenoalkanes follows the order


p style=”margin-left: 17pt”>RI > RBr > RCl

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